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مؤامرة لقتل عيسى

1 وَاقْتَرَبَ عِيدُ الْفَطِيرِ* الْمَعْرُوفُ بِعِيدِ الْفِصْحِ.* 2 وَكَانَ رُؤَسَاءُ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالْفُقَهَاءُ يَبْحَثُونَ عَنْ طَرِيقَةٍ لِيَقْتُلُوا عِيسَى، لَكِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا خَائِفِينَ مِنَ الشَّعْبِ.

The Plot to Kill Isa

1 [The time] approached for the Festival of Unleavened Bread,* known as the Passover.* 2 The chief priests and the scholars were looking for a way to kill Isa, but they were afraid of the people.

يهوذا الخائن

3 وَدَخَلَ الشَّيْطَانُ فِي يَهُوذَا الْمَدْعُوِّ الْقَرْيُوتِيِّ، وَهُوَ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ الـ12. 4 فَذَهَبَ إِلَى رُؤَسَاءِ الْأَحْبَارِ وَقَادَةِ حَرَسِ بَيْتِ اللهِ لِمُنَاقَشَةِ خِطَّةِ تَسْلِيمِ عِيسَى لَهُمْ. 5 فَفَرِحُوا وَاتَّفَقُوا أَنْ يُعْطُوهُ بَعْضَ الْمَالِ. 6 فَوَافَقَ وَأَخَذَ يَتَرَقَّبُ الْفُرْصَةَ الْمُنَاسِبَةَ لِيُسَلِّمَهُ لَهُمْ عِنْدَمَا لَا يَكُونُ الْجُمْهُورُ مَوْجُودًا.

Judas the Traitor

3 Then Satan entered into Judas, called Iscariot, who was one of the Twelve. 4 So he went to the chief priests and to the captains of the temple guard to discuss a plan for handing Isa over to them. 5 They were delighted and agreed to give him some money. 6 He accepted and began watching for a suitable opportunity to hand him over to them when a crowd was not present.


7 وَجَاءَ يَوْمُ الْفَطِيرِ الَّذِي كَانَ مِنْ عَادَتِهِمْ أَنْ يَذْبَحُوا فِيهِ حَمَلَ الْفِصْحِ.* 8 فَأَرْسَلَ عِيسَى بُطْرُسَ وَيُوحَنَّا وَقَالَ لَهُمَا: ”اِذْهَبَا وَجَهِّزَا لَنَا لِنَأْكُلَ عَشَاءَ الْفِصْحِ.“ 9 فَقَالَا: ”أَيْنَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ نُجَهِّزَهُ؟“ 10 فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: ”عِنْدَمَا تَدْخُلَانِ الْمَدِينَةَ، يُقَابِلُكُمَا رَجُلٌ حَامِلٌ جَرَّةَ مَاءٍ. اِتْبَعَاهُ إِلَى الدَّارِ الَّتِي يَدْخُلُهَا، 11 وَقُولَا لِرَبِّ الدَّارِ: ’الْمُعَلِّمُ يَقُولُ لَكَ: ”أَيْنَ الْغُرْفَةُ الَّتِي آكُلُ فِيهَا عَشَاءَ الْفِصْحِ مَعَ تَلَامِيذِي؟“‘ 12 فَيُرِيكُمَا غُرْفَةً كَبِيرَةً مَفْرُوشَةً فِي الطَّابِقِ الْأَعْلَى، هُنَاكَ جَهِّزَا.“ 13 فَذَهَبَا وَوَجَدَا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ كَمَا قَالَ لَهُمَا عِيسَى وَجَهَّزَا الْفِصْحَ.

The Festival

7 Next came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which it was customary to slaughter the Passover lamb.* 8 So Isa sent Peter and John, telling them, “Go and arrange for us to eat the Passover supper.” 9 They asked, “Where do you want us to arrange it?” 10 So he said to them, “When you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house he enters 11 and say to the head of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you: “Where is the room where I will eat the Passover supper with my disciples?”’ 12 He will show you a large furnished room on the upper floor. Make arrangements there.” 13 So they went and found everything just as Isa had told them, and they made arrangements for the Passover.

14 وَلَمَّا حَانَتِ السَّاعَةُ،* جَلَسَ عِيسَى وَرُسُلُهُ إِلَى الْمَائِدَةِ.* 15 وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: ”اِشْتَقْتُ مِنْ قَلْبِي أَنْ آكُلَ هَذَا الْفِصْحَ مَعَكُمْ قَبْلَ أَنْ أَتَأَلَّمَ. 16 لِأَنِّي أُؤَكِّدُ لَكُمْ أَنِّي لَنْ آكُلَ مِنْهُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى، حَتَّى يَتَحَقَّقَ مَعْنَاهُ الْمَقْصُودُ فِي مَمْلَكَةِ اللهِ.“ 17 وَأَخَذَ كَأْسًا، وَشَكَرَ وَقَالَ: ”خُذُوا هَذِهِ وَاقْتَسِمُوهَا بَيْنَكُمْ. 18 لِأَنِّي أُؤَكِّدُ لَكُمْ أَنِّي لَنْ أَشْرَبَ مِنْ عَصِيرِ الْكَرْمَةِ* مَرَّةً أُخْرَى حَتَّى تَجِيءُ مَمْلَكَةُ اللهِ.“*

14 When the hour came,* Isa and his apostles sat down to dinner.* 15 He said to them, “I have longed with [all] my heart to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I assure you that I will not eat it again until its intended meaning is fulfilled in the Kingdom of Allah.” 17 Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and said, “Take this and share it among yourselves. 18 For I assure you that I will not drink the juice of the grapevine* again until the Kingdom of Allah comes.”*

عشاء المسيح

19 وَأَخَذَ عِيسَى خُبْزًا وَشَكَرَ اللهَ وَكَسَرَ وَأَعْطَاهُمْ، وَقَالَ: ”هَذَا هُوَ جِسْمِيَ الَّذِي يُعْطَى مِنْ أَجْلِكُمْ. اِعْمَلُوا هَذَا تَذْكَارًا لِي.“ 20 وَبِنَفْسِ الطَّرِيقَةِ، أَخَذَ الْكَأْسَ بَعْدَ الْعَشَاءِ وَقَالَ: ”هَذِهِ الْكَأْسُ هِيَ الْعَهْدُ* الْجَدِيدُ، يَعْمَلُهُ اللهُ مَعَكُمْ بِدَمِيَ الَّذِي يُسْفَكُ مِنْ أَجْلِكُمْ. 21 لَكِنِ انْتَبِهُوا! الَّذِي يَخُونُنِي مَوْجُودٌ مَعِي عَلَى الْمَائِدَةِ. 22 الَّذِي صَارَ بَشَرًا سَيَمُوتُ كَمَا هُوَ مُقَرَّرٌ، لَكِنْ يَا وَيْلَ الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي يَخُونُهُ!“ 23 فَأَخَذَ التَّلَامِيذُ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ: ”مَنْ مِنَّا هُوَ الَّذِي سَيَعْمَلُ هَذَا؟“

The Supper of the Messiah

19 Isa took bread and thanked Allah. Then he broke [it] and gave [it] to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for your sake. Do this in commemoration of me.” 20 In the same way, he took the cup after supper and said, “This cup is the new covenant* Allah is making with you with my blood, which is shed for your sake. 21 But pay attention! The one betraying me is present with me at the dinner table. 22 The One Who Became Man will die just as it was decreed, but how terrible it will be for that man who betrays him!” 23 So the disciples began to ask among themselves: “Which one of us is going to do this?”

خادم الناس أعظمهم

24 وَحَدَثَ جِدَالٌ أَيْضًا بَيْنَهُمْ بِشَأْنِ مَنْ فِيهِمْ هُوَ أَعْظَمُ وَاحِدٍ. 25 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ عِيسَى: ”مُلُوكُ الشُّعُوبِ يَتَسَيَّدُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ، وَأَصْحَابُ السُّلْطَةِ عِنْدَهُمْ يُعْطُونَهُمْ لَقَبَ ’الْمُحْسِنِ‘ 26 أَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَلَا يَجِبُ أَنْ يَحْدُثَ هَذَا مَعَكُمْ. بَلْ أَعْظَمُ وَاحِدٍ فِيكُمْ يَجِبُ أَنْ يَكُونَ كَأَصْغَرِ وَاحِدٍ، وَالرَّئِيسُ يَجِبُ أَنْ يَكُونَ كَالْخَادِمِ. 27 لِأَنَّ مَنْ أَعْظَمُ، هَلِ الَّذِي يَجْلِسُ إِلَى الْمَائِدَةِ أَمِ الَّذِي يَخْدِمُ؟ طَبْعًا الَّذِي يَجْلِسُ إِلَى الْمَائِدَةِ! وَلَكِنِّي أَنَا بَيْنَكُمْ كَالَّذِي يَخْدِمُ!

One Who Serves People is the Greatest Among Them

24 A dispute also took place among them about who was the greatest one among them. 25 So Isa said to them, “The kings of the nations dominate them, and those in authority among them are given the title ‘Benefactor.’ 26 But as for you, this should never happen with you. Rather, the greatest one among you should be like the youngest, and the leader should be like a servant. 27 For who is greater: Is it the one who sits at dinner, or the one who serves? Of course, it is the one who sits at dinner! But I myself am among you as the one who serves!

28 ”وَأَنْتُمُ الَّذِينَ وَقَفْتُمْ مَعِي فِي مِحَنِي، 29 سَأُعْطِيكُمُ السُّلْطَةَ لِتَمْلِكُوا كَمَا أَعْطَانِي أَبِي السُّلْطَةَ لِأَمْلِكَ، 30 فَتَأْكُلُونَ وَتَشْرَبُونَ عَلَى مَائِدَتِي فِي مَمْلَكَتِي، وَتَجْلِسُونَ عَلَى عُرُوشٍ لِتَحْكُمُوا قَبَائِلَ إِسْرَائِيلَ الـ12.

28 “You who have stood with me in my trials: 29 I will give you the authority to reign, just as my Father has given me the authority to reign, 30 and so you will eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, governing the twelve tribes of Israel.

بطرس سينكره

31 ”يَا سَمْعَانُ، يَا سَمْعَانُ، طَلَبَ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يَمْتَحِنَكُمْ كَمَا يُغَرْبِلُ الْفَلَّاحُ الْقَمْحَ. 32 لَكِنِّي دَعَوْتُ اللهَ مِنْ أَجْلِكَ يَا سَمْعَانُ، لِكَيْ لَا يَفْشَلَ إِيمَانُكَ. فَمَتَى رَجَعْتَ إِلَيَّ يَجِبُ أَنْ تُقَوِّيَ إِخْوَتَكَ.“* 33 فَقَالَ: ”يَا سَيِّدِي، أَنَا مُسْتَعِدٌّ أَنْ أَذْهَبَ مَعَكَ إِلَى السِّجْنِ وَإِلَى الْمَوْتِ.“ 34 فَأَجَابَ: ”يَا بُطْرُسُ، قَبْلَ أَنْ يَصِيحَ الدِّيكُ الْيَوْمَ، تُنْكِرُ 3 مَرَّاتٍ أَنَّكَ تَعْرِفُنِي.“

Peter Will Deny Him

31 “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to test you [all] just as a farmer sifts wheat. 32 But I have prayed to Allah for you, Simon, that your faith will not fail. Then when you have returned to me, you must strengthen your brothers.*” 33 He said, “Master, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.” 34 But [Isa] replied, “Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”

35 وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: ”لَمَّا أَرْسَلْتُكُمْ بِلَا مَحْفَظَةٍ وَلَا كِيسِ أَكْلٍ* وَلَا حِذَاءٍ، هَلِ احْتَجْتُمْ إِلَى شَيْءٍ؟“ قَالُوا: ”لَا.“ 36 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: ”أَمَّا الْآنَ فَمَنْ عِنْدَهُ مَحْفَظَةٌ خَلُّوهُ يَأْخُذُهَا، وَمَنْ عِنْدَهُ كِيسُ أَكْلٍ يَأْخُذُهُ. وَمَنْ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ سَيْفٌ، يَبِيعُ ثَوْبَهُ وَيَشْتَرِيَ سَيْفًا. 37 أُؤَكِّدُ لَكُمْ، يَجِبُ أَنْ يَتِمَّ فِيَّ قَوْلُ الْكِتَابِ: * ’حُسِبَ مَعَ الْمُذْنِبِينَ‘ لِأَنَّ مَا يَقُولُهُ الْكِتَابُ عَنِّي سَيَتِمُّ.“ 38 فَقَالَ التَّلَامِيذُ: ”اُنْظُرْ يَا سَيِّدُ، هُنَا سَيْفَانِ.“ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: ”كَفَاكُمْ!“

35 Then he said to them, “When I sent you out with neither a moneybag, nor a food bag,* nor sandals, did you need anything?” They replied, “No.” 36 He said to them, “But now, whoever has a moneybag should take it [with him], and whoever has a food bag should take it. And whoever does not have a sword with him should sell his coat and buy a sword. 37 I assure you, this passage of Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘He was counted with the evildoers.’ For what the Scriptures say about me will be fulfilled.”* 38 The disciples said, “Look, Master, here are two swords.” He said to them, “That's enough!”

في جسيماني

39 وَخَرَجَ وَذَهَبَ كَعَادَتِهِ إِلَى جَبَلِ الزَّيْتُونِ، وَتَبِعَهُ تَلَامِيذُهُ. 40 وَلَمَّا وَصَلَ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ،* قَالَ لَهُمْ: ”صَلُّوا لِئَلَّا تَدْخُلُوا فِي مِحْنَةٍ.“* 41 ثُمَّ ابْتَعَدَ عَنْهُمْ قَلِيلًا، وَرَكَعَ عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ وَصَلَّى وَقَالَ: 42 ”يَا أَبِي، إِنْ كُنْتَ تُرِيدُ، أَبْعِدْ عَنِّي هَذِهِ الْكَأْسَ،* لَكِنْ لِتَكُنْ إِرَادَتُكَ أَنْتَ لَا إِرَادَتِي أَنَا.“ 43 وَظَهَرَ لَهُ مَلَاكٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ يُقَوِّيهِ. 44 وَكَانَ فِي صِرَاعٍ شَدِيدٍ، فَأَخَذَ يُصَلِّي بِحَرَارَةٍ أَكْثَرَ، وَصَارَ عَرَقُهُ مِثْلَ نُقَطِ دَمٍ نَازِلَةٍ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ.

45 فَلَمَّا قَامَ مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ، وَرَجَعَ إِلَى التَّلَامِيذِ، وَجَدَهُمْ نَائِمِينَ مِنَ الْحُزْنِ. 46 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: ”لِمَاذَا أَنْتُمْ نَائِمُونَ؟ قُومُوا وَصَلُّوا لِئَلَّا تَدْخُلُوا فِي مِحْنَةٍ.“

In Gethsemane

39 [Isa] left and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. 40 When he arrived at the place,* he said to them, “Pray that you will not enter a time of testing*.” 41 Then he withdrew from them a little, bowed down on his knees, and prayed, saying, 42 “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me.* But [make] what you want happen, not what I want.” 43 Then an angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. 44 [Isa] was in an intense struggle and began to pray more fervently. His sweat became like drops of blood falling on the ground.

45 When he got up from prayer and returned to the disciples, he found them sleeping because of [their] grief. 46 He said to them “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you will not enter a time of testing.”

القبض على عيسى

47 وَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ يَتَكَلَّمُ، جَاءَتْ عِصَابَةٌ يَقُودُهَا الْمَدْعُوُّ يَهُوذَا الَّذِي هُوَ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ الـ12 وَاقْتَرَبَ مِنْ عِيسَى لِيُقَبِّلَهُ. 48 فَقَالَ لَهُ عِيسَى: ”يَا يَهُوذَا، هَلْ بِقُبْلَةٍ تَخُونُ الَّذِي صَارَ بَشَرًا؟“ 49 فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَتْبَاعُ عِيسَى مَا سَيَحْدُثُ، قَالُوا: ”هَلْ نَضْرِبُ بِالسَّيْفِ يَا مَوْلَانَا؟“ 50 وَضَرَبَ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ خَادِمَ رَئِيسِ الْأَحْبَارِ، فَقَطَعَ أُذُنَهُ الْيُمْنَى. 51 فَقَالَ عِيسَى: ”كُفَّ عَنْ هَذَا!“ وَلَمَسَ أُذُنَ الرَّجُلِ وَشَفَاهُ. 52 ثُمَّ قَالَ عِيسَى لِرُؤَسَاءِ الْأَحْبَارِ وَقَادَةِ حَرَسِ بَيْتِ اللهِ وَالشُّيُوخِ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا عَلَيْهِ: ”هَلْ أَنَا لِصٌّ، حَتَّى خَرَجْتُمْ عَلَيَّ بِسُيُوفٍ وَعِصِيٍّ؟ 53 كُنْتُ مَعَكُمْ فِي سَاحَةِ بَيْتِ اللهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ، فَلَمْ تَقْبِضُوا عَلَيَّ. هَذِهِ سَاعَتُكُمْ! الْآنَ يَتَسَلَّطُ الظَّلَامُ!“ 54 فَقَبَضُوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَاقُوهُ وَأَحْضَرُوهُ إِلَى دَارِ *رَئِيسِ الْأَحْبَارِ. وَتَبِعَهُ بُطْرُسُ مِنْ بَعِيدٍ.

The Arrest of Isa

47 While he was speaking, a mob came, led by the one called Judas, who was one of the Twelve. He approached Isa to kiss him. 48 Isa said to him, “Judas, is it with a kiss that you betray the One Who Became Man?” 49 When the followers of Isa saw what was about to happen, they said, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?” 50 Then one of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Isa said, “Stop this!” And he touched the man's ear and healed him. 52 Then Isa said to the chief priests and the captains of the temple guard and the elders who had come against him, “Am I a robber, that you have come out against me with swords and clubs? 53 I was with you in a Temple courtyard every day, and you did not arrest me. But this is your hour! Now [is when] darkness prevails!” 54 So they arrested him and led him away and brought him into the home of the high priest, while Peter followed him at a distance.

بطرس ينكره

55 فَلَمَّا أَشْعَلُوا نَارًا فِي وَسَطِ السَّاحَةِ وَجَلَسُوا مَعًا، جَلَسَ بُطْرُسُ بَيْنَهُمْ. 56 فَرَأَتْهُ خَادِمَةٌ مِنْ خِلَالِ ضَوْءِ النَّارِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ، فَتَفَرَّسَتْ فِيهِ وَقَالَتْ: ”هَذَا الرَّجُلُ أَيْضًا كَانَ مَعَ عِيسَى.“ 57 لَكِنَّهُ أَنْكَرَ وَقَالَ: ”يَا امْرَأَةُ، أَنَا لَا أَعْرِفُهُ.“ 58 وَبَعْدَ قَلِيلٍ رَآهُ وَاحِدٌ آخَرُ وَقَالَ: ”وَأَنْتَ أَيْضًا وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ.“ لَكِنَّ بُطْرُسَ قَالَ: ”كَلَّا يَا رَجُلُ!“ 59 وَبَعْدَ حَوَالَيْ سَاعَةٍ، أَصَرَّ وَاحِدٌ آخَرُ وَقَالَ: ”بِالتَّأْكِيدِ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ أَيْضًا كَانَ مَعَ عِيسَى، لِأَنَّهُ جَلِيلِيٌّ.“ 60 لَكِنَّ بُطْرُسَ قَالَ: ”يَا رَجُلُ، أَنَا لَا أَعْرِفُ مَا تَقُولُ.“ وَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ مَا زَالَ يَتَكَلَّمُ، صَاحَ الدِّيكُ. 61 فَالْتَفَتَ مَوْلانَا عِيسَى وَنَظَرَ إِلَى بُطْرُسَ، فَتَذَكَّرَ بُطْرُسُ كَلَامَ الْمَوْلَى وَكَيْفَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ لَهُ: ”قَبْلَ أَنْ يَصِيحَ الدِّيكُ الْيَوْمَ، تُنْكِرُنِي 3 مَرَّاتٍ.“* 62 فَخَرَجَ وَبَكَى بِحُرْقَةٍ.

Peter Denies Him

55 When [the servants] lit a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them. 56 A maid saw him in the firelight as he was sitting [there]. She stared at him and said, “This man was also with Isa.” 57 But he denied [it] and said, “Woman, I don't know him.” 58 After a while someone else saw him and said, “You, too, are one of them.” But Peter said, “Not at all, man!” 59 After about an hour someone else insisted, saying, “Surely this man too was with Isa, because he is a Galilean.” 60 But Peter said, “Man, I don't know what you're saying.” And while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed. 61 Then Maulana Isa turned and looked at Peter, and Peter remembered what the Lord had said and how he had told him, “Before the rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.”* 62 And he went out and wept in anguish.

أمام المحكمة الدينية

63 وَالرِّجَالُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَحْرُسُونَ عِيسَى، أَخَذُوا يَهْزَأُونَ بِهِ وَيَضْرِبُونَهُ، 64 وَيُغَطُّونَ وَجْهَهُ وَيَقُولُونَ لَهُ: ”تَنَبَّأْ، مَنْ ضَرَبَكَ؟“ 65 وَوَجَّهُوا إِلَيْهِ شَتَائِمَ أُخْرَى كَثِيرَةً.

66 وَلَمَّا طَلَعَ النَّهَارُ، اِجْتَمَعَ شُيُوخُ الشَّعْبِ، وَهُمْ رُؤَسَاءُ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالْفُقَهَاءُ، وَسَاقُوا عِيسَى إِلَى مَجْلِسِهِمِ الْأَعْلَى. 67 وَقَالُوا: ”إِنْ كُنْتَ أَنْتَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحَ، فَقُلْ لَنَا.“ أَجَابَهُمْ: ”إِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ لَا تُصَدِّقُونَ، 68 وَإِنْ سَأَلْتُكُمْ لَا تُجِيبُونَ. 69 لَكِنْ مِنَ الْآنَ يَجْلِسُ الَّذِي صَارَ بَشَرًا عَنْ يَمِينِ اللهِ الْقَدِيرِ.“* 70 فَقَالُوا كُلُّهُمْ: ”هَلْ أَنْتَ إِذَنِ ابْنُ اللهِ؟“* أَجَابَ: ”قُلْتُمُ الصَّوَابَ.“ 71 فَقَالُوا: ”لِمَاذَا نَحْتَاجُ إِلَى شَهَادَةٍ أَكْثَرَ؟ نَحْنُ سَمِعْنَاهَا مِنْ فَمِهِ هُوَ!“

Before the Religious Court

63 The men who were guarding Isa were mocking him and hitting him. 64 They would cover his face and say to him, “Prophesy: Who hit you?” 65 And they directed many other insults at him.

66 When day came, the elders of the people gathered, both the chief priests and the scholars, and they led Isa away to their High Council. 67 They said, “If you are the Messiah, tell us.” But he replied, “If I told you, you would not believe [me], 68 and if I asked you, you wouldn't answer. 69 But from now on, the One Who Became Man will sit to the right of Allah Almighty.*” 70 So they all said, “Are you, then, the Son of Allah?*” He replied, “You have spoken correctly.” 71 Then they said, “Why do we need further testimony? We have heard it ourselves from his own mouth!”

<< لوقا 21


 *22‏:1 عِيدُ الْفَطِيرِ: عيد سنوي يستمر أسبوعًا في القدس، لا يأكل اليهود فيه أي خبز معمولٍ بالخميرة، للاحتفال بالوقت الذي نجّى الله فيه أسلافهم من العبودية في مصر بعد الضربات العشر (انظر التوراة، الخروج 12‏:14‏-20، 31‏-39).

لوقا 23 >>


 *22:1 the Festival of Unleavened Bread: an annual week-long festival in Jerusalem during which the people ate no bread made with yeast, to commemorate the time when Allah delivered their ancestors from slavery in Egypt following the ten plagues (see Taurat, Exodus 12:14-20, 31-39).

 *22‏:1 الْفِصْحِ: اسم آخر لعيد الفطير. وأيضًا اسم لليوم الأول من العيد، الذي يحتفل بآخر وجبة عشاء تناولها بنو إسرائيل قبل مغادرة ديارهم في مصر.

 *22:1 the Passover: another name for the Festival of Unleavened Bread. It is also a name for the first day of the festival, which commemorated the last evening meal the Children of Israel ate before leaving their homes in Egypt.

 *22‏:7 حَمَلَ الْفِصْحِ: خروف تُضحِّي به كل أسرة في مُجمَّع بيت الله ثم يطهونه لعشاء الفصح. كانت وجبة العشاء هذه تقع في أول مساء من عيد الفطير، للاحتفال بحماية أسلافهم بواسطة دم الحمل من ملاك الموت، أي الضربة العاشرة التي أرسلها الله على المصريين في زمن النبي موسى (انظر التوراة، الخروج 12‏:1‏-13، 21‏-30).

 *22:7 the Passover lamb: a sheep sacrificed at the Temple by each family and then cooked for the Passover supper. This meal took place on the first evening of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, to celebrate how the blood of a lamb protected their ancestors from the angel of death, which was the tenth plague that Allah sent against the Egyptians in the time of the prophet Musa (see Taurat, Exodus 12:1-13, 21-30).

 *22‏:14 لَمَّا حَانَتِ السَّاعَةُ: أي حان وقت تناول وجبة الفصح. وكان هذا بعد غروب الشمس مباشرة في مساء البدر الأَوَّل بعد الاعتدال الربيعي (أول أيام الربيع). في هذه الحالة، تناولوا الوجبة مساء الخميس 6 أبريل / نيسان عام 30 م.

 *22:14 When the hour came: the time for eating the Passover meal. This was just after sundown on the evening of the first full moon after the spring equinox (the first day of spring). In this case the meal was eaten on Thursday evening, April 6, AD 30.

 *22‏:14 جَلَسَ عِيسَى ... إِلَى الْمَائِدَةِ: انظر الشرح في لوقا 7‏:36.

 *22:14 sat down to dinner: See explanation at Luke 7:36.

 *22‏:18 عَصِيرِ الْكَرْمَةِ: عصير العنب الذي يشربونه أثناء وجبة الفصح. يُشار إليه في أثناء هذه الوجبة باسم «الكأس» أيضًا.

 *22:18 the juice of the grapevine: the grape juice that was drunk during the Passover meal. During this meal it was also referred to as “the cup.”

 *22‏:18 حَتَّى تَجِيءُ مَمْلَكَةُ اللهِ: يشير هذا إلى مجيء مملكة الله بالكامل في نهاية الدهر، عندما يعود عيسى إلى الأرض كملكٍ ويقوم الموتى أحياءً. يختلف هذا عن إقامة مملكة الله عندما أتى المسيح في الأَوَّل.

 *22:18 until the Kingdom of Allah comes: This refers to the coming of the Kingdom of Allah in full at the end of the age, when Isa will return to the earth as its king and the dead will be raised to life. This is a different coming from the founding of the Kingdom of Allah when Christ first came.

 *22‏:20 الْعَهْدُ: ميثاق بين الله وشعبه، يقدّم الله فيه وعودًا معيّنة ويطالبهم بسلوك معيّن في المقابل» (قاموس WordNet). كان يتمّ التصديق على مواثيق الله بتضحية دموية. وفي الإنجيل، «العهد الجديد» هو عهد النعمة، وتشمل فوائده المغفرة، وتجديد العلاقة مع الله من خلال الروح القدوس، وتغييرًا داخليًّا يمكّن الإنسان من طاعة مطالبه. وقد تنبّأ الله بالعهد الجديد في كتاب النبي إرميا 31‏:31‏-34.

 *22:20 covenant: “an agreement between Allah and his people in which Allah makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return” (WordNet Dictionary). Allah's covenants were ratified with a blood sacrifice. In the Bible, the new covenant is “a covenant of grace, the benefits of which include forgiveness, a renewed relationship with Allah and, through the Holy Spirit, an inward transformation that enables obedience to its demands” (Dictionary of Bible Themes). Allah foretold the new covenant in the Book of the Prophet Jeremiah 31:31-34.

 *22‏:32 إِخْوَتَكَ: إخوانك المؤمنين بعيسى المسيح.

 *22:32 your brothers: your fellow believers in Isa the Messiah.

 *22‏:35 كِيسِ أَكْلٍ: انظر الملاحظة على لوقا 9‏:3.

 *22:35 food bag: See note at Luke 9:3.

 *22‏:37 قَوْلُ الْكِتَابِ: هذا اقتباس من آية في كتاب النبي إشعياء (53‏:12) تتحدّث عن المسيح الآتي: ”لِأَنَّهُ بَذَلَ لِلْمَوْتِ نَفْسَهُ، وَحُسِبَ مَعَ الْأَشْرَارِ. حَمَلَ خَطِيئَةَ كَثِيرِينَ، وَشَفَعَ فِي الْمُذْنِبِينَ“.

 *22:37 this passage of Scripture: This is quoted from a verse in the Book of the Prophet Isaiah (53:12) that speaks about the coming Messiah: “He sacrificed his life in death and was counted with the evildoers; he bore the sins of many and interceded for those who were guilty.”

 *22‏:40 المكان: بحسب الروايات الأخرى للإنجيل، كان المكان عبارة عن بستان يُدعَى «جثسيماني».

 *22‏:40 مِحْنَةٍ: أو «امتحان للإيمان».

 *22:40 the place: According to the other books of the Injil, the place was a garden called Gethsemane.

 *22:40 a time of testing: Or a test of faith.

 *22‏:42 أَبْعِدْ عَنِّي هَذِهِ الْكَأْسَ: خلّصني من المعاناة التي حتّمتها عليَّ.

 *22‏:61 انظر لوقا 22‏:34.

 *22:42 remove this cup from me: spare me from the suffering that you have decreed for me.

 *22:61 See Luke 22:34.

 *22‏:69 يَجْلِسُ الَّذِي صَارَ بَشَرًا عَنْ يَمِينِ اللهِ الْقَدِيرِ: هذا يعني أنَّ له سلطة من الله باعتباره المسيح للحكم على جميع البشر. والمعنى مشابه لمعنى خليفة الله في الأرض. يُخاطِب الله المسيح المستقبلي في كتاب المزامير (110‏:1) على لسان النبي داود، قائلًا: ”اِجْلِسْ عَنْ يَمِينِي حَتَّى أَضَعَ أَعْدَاءَكَ تَحْتَ قَدَمَيْكَ“.

 *22:69 will sit to the right of Allah Almighty: This means he has authority from Allah as the Messiah to rule over all people. The meaning is similar to that of خليفة الله في الأرض  Allah's vice-regent on the earth. In the Book of Psalms (110:1), Allah speaks to the future Messiah through the prophet Dawud, saying, “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”

 *22‏:70 ابْنُ اللهِ: انظر الحاشية على الآية السابقة. وانظر أيضًا لوقا 1‏:32‏-35 ولوقا 10‏:22 والحاشيتين هناك. انظر العائلة في مسرد المصطلحات.

 *22:70 the Son of Allah: See the footnote to the previous verse. See also Luke 1:32-35 and Luke 10:22 and the footnotes there. See family in the glossary.


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